Debian 10 is finally here. Time to upgrade all the things!!!
The upgrade from Debian 9, code named Stretch to Debian 10, code named Buster is a fairly painless process.
First, it’s good practice to make sure you’re completely up to date on your current version by running:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade sudo apt dist-upgrade
At this point, you should be completely up to date with everything you need to be able to move from Debian 9 to 10. Also, depending on how far behind you are, it may be worth rebooting your machine.
Once you’re ready to commit to the upgrade, which I do recommend you not going into blindly, and actually having another machine for staging that you can upgrade first, you will need to update your target code name in your sources list.
The quickest way to do so is to simply run:
sed -i 's/stretch/buster/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
This obviously is assuming you are currently on Stretch, and not another version of Debian, or even worse, trying to upgrade Ubuntu to Debian (which can be a shit show, but I have read it is possible with enough hackery).
If you’re looking for a more manual route, open up
do a find and replace for instances of
stretch and convert them to
Now that things are all set, you can update to point to the latest repository and package list:
sudo apt update
Once things are all up to date, you can run:
sudo apt upgrade
Which will present you with a ton of packages that now need to be upgraded, awaiting confirmation to do so.
Upon confirming that you’d like to proceed with the upgrade, your system will download a bunch of stuff and then serve up a change log from the packages about to be upgraded.
It’s best to review these updates, and if you’re satisfied with things, you can
q to exist and proceed with the installation.
Next, you will be presented with a warning / confirmation with how you’d like to proceed with service upgrades.
Since they could impact service. You can upgrade them as they are updated (which may cause issues) or not restart them, so you can restart them when it’s more convenient for you.
I went ahead and opted to restart them during the upgrade, since it’s the weekend and my active usage tends to be lower.
And now the fun begins. The system will go through the upgrade process, upgrading your packages from those of the Debian 9 repository to those of the Debian 10 repository.
Depending on how many packages you have installed, the process will take at the very least, a few minutes.
Like most upgrades, I recommend that you test stuff out, and then reboot the machine to make sure it’s coming back online as per usual.
If you’d like, you can still run
sudo apt dist-upgrade but it seems to be an
unnecessary step, at least for me and my systems.
So there you have it, you can are now running the latest and greatest that the Debian Project has to offer!