It felt a bit like cheating to split this post up so I figured I would just cover all of the decimal to… functions in one post. Decimal, also known as base ten, is the numerical base we are most accustomed to. From time to time we need to convert a decimal number to another number system like binary or hex. PHP comes with 3 functions for that very purpose as well as a fourth that can be used to convert between arbitrary bases:

```
$decimal = 100;
echo 'Binary: ' . decbin($decimal) . "\n";
echo 'Hexadecimal: ' . dechex($decimal) . "\n";
echo 'Octal: ' . decoct($decimal) . "\n";
```

Those are the shorthand functions, which also have related functions to allow
you to go in the other direction as well: `bindec()`

, `hexdec()`

and
`octdec()`

.

To do base conversions outside of these common number systems, you can use
`base_convert()`

which takes 3 arguments. First, the number you want to
convert, followed by the base you’re starting with and the base you want to
convert to:

```
$decimal = 12345;
echo 'Base 24: ' . base_convert($decimal, 10, 24);
```

Fun tip, URL shorteners tend to use base conversion to take integer IDs stored in a database and convert them to a shorter alphanumeric string!